Tsetse sometimes spelled tzetze and also known as tik-tik flies, are large biting flies, are large biting flies that inhabit much of tropical Africa. Tsetse flies include all the species in the genus Glossina, which are placed in their own family, Glossinidae. The tsetse are obligate parasites that live by feeding on the blood of vertebrate animals. Tsetse have been extensively studied because of their role in transmitting disease. They have a prominent economic impact in sub-Saharan Africa as the biological vectors of trypanosomes, which causes human sleeping sickness and animal trypanosomiasis. Tsetse are multivoltine and long-lived, typically producing about four broods per year, and up to 31 broods over their lifespans.
Family: Glossinidae Theobald, 1903
Genus: Glossina Wiedemann, 1830
Morsitans [“savannah” subgenus]
Fusca [“forest” subgenus]
Palpalis [“riverine” subgenus]