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Ch – 3 Drainage (Part 2)

Priya's Learning Centre

The river with their tributaries form the “river system“. The river systems of Himalayan rivers are:

The Indus River System:

  • Indus river rises in Tibet, near Lake Mansoravar.
  • It enters India via the Ladakh district.
  • Tributaries like Zaskar, Nubra, Shyok and Hunza join it in Kashmir.
  • Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum join it near Mithankot in Pakistan.
  • Indus is one of the longest rivers of the world.
  • In India, Indus’s basin is located in Jammu, Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab.

The Ganga River System:

  • Ganga emerges from the mountains on to the plains in Haridwar.
  • The river Yamuna meets the Ganga at Allahabad.
  • Many tributaries from Himalayas like Ghaghara, Gandak and Kosi join Ganga.
  • These three tributaries flood most parts of northern plains every year.
  • The tributaries like Chambal, Betwa and Son come from the peninsular uplands.
  • Farakka in West Bengal is the northernmost point of the…

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